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Technology and Fair Chase - AZGFD

Unmanned aerial vehicles — drones — are aircraft and subject to the same rules as other aircraft, meaning they cannot be used to assist in taking wildlife or locating wildlife during an open season;ay to craft a bow, firearm or ammunition and a multitude of hunting and angling accessories. However, in terms of Fair Chase, the line is drawn when that advancement becomes unlawful or provides sportsmen with an improper or unfair advantage.


As examples, three recent technological advances have been the smart rifle, drones, and trail cameras. Hunters in Arizona should be aware that:


  • The smart rifle is unlawful for take by nature of its laser-supported sighting system and it’s electronically assisted trigger mechanism;

  • Unmanned aerial vehicles — drones — are aircraft and subject to the same rules as other aircraft, meaning they cannot be used to assist in taking wildlife or locating wildlife during an open season;

  • Live action trail cameras (send real-time images wirelessly to a remote computer, tablet, phone or other smart device) were recently prohibited by the Commission, through a public process, for use related to hunting.



Arizona Game and Fish Commission’s consideration of Fair Chase issues



The Commission recognizes that development of new or improved technologies and practices can provide benefits to hunters and anglers by improving competency or increasing participation. However, it also believes that the pursuit and taking of wildlife should be managed to conform to the ethical standards of Fair Chase.


The Commission will monitor and give careful consideration to the Fair Chase implications of an emerging or evolving technology or practice. The following criteria will be used to evaluate whether or not a new technology or practice is a Fair Chase issue:


  • A technology or practice that allows a hunter or angler to locate or take wildlife without acquiring necessary hunting and angling skills or competency.

  • A technology or practice that allows a hunter or angler to pursue or take wildlife without being physically present and pursuing wildlife in the field.

  • A technology or practice that makes harvesting wildlife almost certain when the technology or practice prevents wildlife from eluding take.


Commission consideration of whether a given technology or practice should be limited or prohibited in the interests of preserving Fair Chase will be carefully weighed in an open public process.


The importance of Fair Chase


Public support of Fair Chase and ethical hunting is critically important to the survival of hunting and angling. These pursuits are the cornerstones of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation and are the primary source of funding for conservation efforts in North America.



“In any democracy, society decides what is acceptable or unacceptable, and therefore what stays and what goes. Hunting traditions are potentially at risk if the majority of citizens develop a negative perception of hunting, whether this perception is justified or not. Ethics may be a matter of choice, but the actions of individuals can come to represent the entire group and it is important that hunters understand this.” – The Boone and Crockett Club on Fair Chase, 2016


The support of Fair Chase and respect for the traditions of hunting and angling are every sportsman’s responsibility. So remember, Hunt Hard, Hunt Fair.


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